Monday, 24 October 2016

आकाश मैं पहली बार

vc gj ns'k esa xqCckjksa ij rjg rjg ds iz;ksx gks jgs FksA fQysMsfYQ;k lkSlkbVh ds lnL;ksa us 'kh?kz gh xSl Hkj dj xqCckjs vkdk'k esa mM+kuk izkjEHk dj fn;kA baXySaM esa izFke mM+ku uoEcj 1783 esa bVyh ds dkmUV ÝkflZldks tsEcdsjh us vkVZyjh eSnku esa ls llSDl rd HkjhA ;g ;k=k djhc <kbZ ?kaVs dh FkhA
       vuksus dh izFke xqCckjs dh mM+ku ds ckn thu fivks CykpqM vkSj vesfjdu MkWŒ tsŒ tSfÝlLds ds xqCckjs us baxySaM ls Ýkal rd dh ;k=k 7 tuojh 1785 dks baxfy'k pSuy ikj dj dhA
       yksxksa eas ,d mRlkg lk tkx mBk FkkA jsLi uked ys[kd us jksekapdkjh ;k=kvksa dh iqLrd izdkf'kr djkbZA ouZ vkSj oSYl dh rjg os ;k=k,sa Hkh dkYifud Fkh ysfdu vBkjgoha 'krkCnh esa ftlus lkdkj :i fy;kA
       ekUVxksyQlZ Hkkb;ksa us vkdk'k esa xqCckjk mM+k;k gS tc isfjl esa ;g [kcj igq¡ph rc ogk¡ dh foKku vdkneh us mUgsa fueU=.k fn;kA ogk¡ ,Vuh us vius iz;ksx dk fo'ys"k.k fd;kA 20 vxLr 1783 dsk foKku vdkneh us mUgsa iqjLdkj iznku fd;k vkSj bfrgkl iq#"k crk;kA
       yqbl lksygosa us f[krkc ds lkFk ,d lsaV fepsy dk fjcu iznku fd;k] tkslsQ dsk ias'ku vkSj pkyhl gtkj yhjk dk iqjLdkj feykA
       19 flrEcj dks tkslsQ us vius iz;ksx dk iquZizn'kZu olsZfyl esa jktk jkuh dh mifLFkfr esa fd;k vkSj Hkkjh HkhM+ ds chp fd;kA xqCckjs ij vyadkfjd fp=dkjh dh xbZ Fkh ,d fiatjk uhps yVdk Fkk ftlesa HksM+ cÙk[k vkSj ,d eqxkZ FkkA xqCckjs esa xSl Hkjus dh izfØ;k esa X;kjg feuV yxsA xqCckjk rsth ls iUæglkS QqV dh Å¡pkbZ rd mM+kA djhc vkB feuV rd vkdk'k esa jgk vkSj nks ehy nwj taxyks esa fxj iM+k] tkuokj lgh lyker jgsA
       ;|fi ekUVxksYQj HkkbZ nks mM+ku xqCckjs dh Hkj pqds Fks ijUrq oSKkfud dkj.k fd gok esa xeZ gksdj QSyus ls xqCckjk gok esa mM+rk gs] ugha tku ik;s FksA os ;gh le>rs jgs fd /kqvk vkSj ok"idj.k gh xqCckjs dks mM+kus esa lgk;d gksrs gSaA
       15 vDVwcj 1783 dks thu Ýsadksbl jkstj us izFke O;fDrxr mM+ku ekUVxksyQZl Hkkb;ksa dh lgk;rk ls dhA ,d efgus ckn fQj ls ekjdksl vkySaMl ds lkFk bl mRlkgh ;qod us vkdk'k dh lSj dhA bl ckj ;s vius lkFk vaxhBh

ys x;sA ;|fi diM+s us vkx idM+ yh ysfdu jkstj us vkx cq>k nhA ,sls volj ds fy;s vius lkFk ikuh Hkjk Liat x;s
FksA
       ekUVxksyQlZ HkkbZ xqCckjs cukrs x;s] /khjs /khjs ;g vkdkj Hkh cM+k ysrk x;kA 1784 esa tkslsQ ds lkFk xqLrko us lkr vkneh vkSj lkFk ysdj ;k=k dhA tkslsQ igyh ckj mM+dj ns[k jgk FkkA izFke efgyk tks vkdk'k esa mM+h os Fkh eSMe fVcsy blds lkFk gh ekUVxksyQlZ xqCckjs dh nqfu;k esa /kqa/kyk x;s D;ksafd vaxhBh ys tkus ls vkx dk [krjk jgrk FkkA mM+ku dh vof/k Hkh lhfer FkhA ysfdu os ekxZn'kZd FksA mudk bfrgkl ;|fi NksVk gS ij cgqr cM+h nsu gSA 1799 esa ,Vuh dh e`R;q gks xbZA tkslsQ Hkh O;kikj dh vksj eqM+ x;k og Fkd x;k FkkA ysfdu rc Hkh mlus vfXu 'ked cuk;kA mldk O;kikj u"V gks x;kA 1807 esa foKku vdkneh dk lnL; pquk x;kA mlus rhu iqLrdsa vius xqCckjksa ds iz;ksxksa ds fo"k; esa fy[khA nks iqLrdksa ds fy[kus esa ,Vuh us Hkh lgk;rk dh Fkh 1810 esa tkslsQ dh e`R;q jDrk?kkr ls gks xbZA

       ;|fi nksuksa Hkkb;ksa dsk cgqr de yksx tkurs gSa] ysfdu vkdk'k esa izFke pj.k muds gh gSaA
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